The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is a annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award given to one outstanding Participant in the American League and one in the National League.
Since 1931, it has been given by the Baseball Writers’ Association of America (BBWAA). The winners get the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, that eventually became the official name of the award in 1944, in honor of the initial MLB commissioner, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who served from 1920 until his death on November 25, 1944.
MVP voting occurs before the postseason, but the outcomes are not declared until after the World Series. The BBWAA began by polling three authors in each league city in 1938, reducing the amount to 2 per league town in 1961. The BBWAA does not offer a straightforward definition of exactly what»most precious» means, instead leaving the judgment to the Republicans.
First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the maximum MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of those 25 pitchers who have won the award, 15 are right-handed while 10 are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser would be the only pitchers who’ve won multiple occasions, Newhouser winning in 1944 and 1945.
Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions, while Rodriguez is the only player that has won the award with two distinct teams at two distinct positions. Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and also the most consecutively (four: 2001–04). Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win numerous occasions; 9 players have won three occasions, and 19 have won twice. Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in both the American and National Leagues.
The award’s only tie happened in the National League in 1979, when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell obtained an equal number of points. There were 18 unanimous winners, who obtained all the first-place votes. The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed closely by the St. Louis Cardinals with 17 winners. The award hasn’t been introduced to a member of the following three groups: Arizona Diamondbacks, New York Mets, along with Tampa Bay Rays.
In recent decades, pitchers have won the award. After Justin Verlander won the AL award in 2011, he became the first pitcher in either league to be named the MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Verlander also became the first starting pitcher to win this award since Roger Clemens achieved the feat in 1986. The National League went longer with no MVP award to a pitcher. After Bob Gibson won in 1968, no pitcher at that league was named MVP until Clayton Kershaw in 2014
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