The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is a annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League.
Since 1931, it’s been awarded by the Baseball Writers’ Association of America (BBWAA). The winners get the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, which eventually became the official title of this award in 1944, in honor of the first MLB commissioner, Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who served from 1920 until his death on November 25, 1944.
MVP voting occurs prior to the postseason, but the results aren’t declared until after the World Series. The BBWAA began by polling three writers in each league town in 1938, reducing the number to 2 per league city in 1961. The BBWAA does not offer a clear-cut definition of what»most valuable» means, rather leaving the judgment to the individual voters.
First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of the 25 pitchers who’ve won the award, 15 are right-handed while 10 are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser would be the only pitchers who have won multiple times, Newhouser winning consecutively in 1944 and 1945.
Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different places, while Rodriguez is the only player that has won the award with two different teams in two distinct positions. Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (four: 2001–04). Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win multiple occasions; 9 players have won three times, and 19 have won twice. Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in the American and National Leagues.
The award’s only tie occurred in the National League in 1979, when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell obtained an equivalent number of things. There were 18 unanimous winners, who received all the first-place votes. The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed closely by the St. Louis Cardinals with 17 winners. The award has never been introduced to a member of the following three groups: Arizona Diamondbacks, New York Mets, along with Tampa Bay Rays.
In recent decades, pitchers have rarely won the award. After Justin Verlander won the AL award in 2011, he became the first pitcher in either league to be named the MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Verlander also became the first starting pitcher to win this award since Roger Clemens achieved the feat in 1986. The National League went even longer without an MVP award to a pitcher. After Bob Gibson won in 1968, no pitcher at that league was called MVP before Clayton Kershaw in 2014
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